EXODUS DMC

korea

Flora & Fauna



Korea is botanically divided into five districts each with special difference: Jeju island, Southern, Central, Northern Districts and Ulleungdo, an island east of the peninsula. A great variety of flora, pine, larch, spruce, juniper, oak, willow, maple, alder and birch trees, usual in temperate climates are found over the whole peninsula. Also large gingko and Chinese elm are scattered throughout the country.

Flowering shrubs are numerous and grow profusely on the hillsides, such as forsythia, azalea, cherry, lilac, syringe and spiraea and many other varieties of wildflowers. The cypress, beech, maple and paulownia are found on Ulleung Island. The soil and climate of Korea have proved most suitable for the cultivation of fruit trees and there are large orchards of apples, pears, peaches, and vine fruits. The walnut, chestnut and pine nut as well as persimmon are indigenous and produce good crops. Oranges, Kiwis, dragon fruits and tangerines are now grown in the south. 4,159 species of plant have been recorded.

Animals found on the peninsula are the boar, bear, deer, wildcat, wolf, hare, weasel, lynx, marten, roe deer, water deer, goat, musk deer, badger, racoon, otter, mole, bat and chipmunk though now some of these animals are rare except in the mountains of Korea. There are a large number of rodents in South Korea as well, like the red squirrels and the Siberian flying squirrels. When it comes to rats or mice, the harvest mouse and the striped field mouse are quite common. Korean hares can also be found hopping around the forest. There are carnivorous mammals such as cats that are common like the leopards, panthers and tigers. You will also find common canines like the gray wolf and the red fox. The ungulates are very important to the humans economically that live in South Korea. The native horse is small but strong, while the cattle are large, useful for beef, and widely distributed.

A wide variety of water animals and fish have stimulated a vigorous fishing industry. Snakes of various kinds are found but few are venomous. Insect life has been well studied as many as harmful to trees and crops. Many of the insect groups distributed in Korea belong to the Paleoarctic Region biogeographically as with other animals and plants. It is known that approximately 12,000 known species of insects currently live in Korea. Two hundred species of butterflies have been identified. Honey bees have made honey framing an important source of income.

Some 450 species of bird have been recorded in the Korean Peninsula. Though there are many birds around, it is impossible to see all these kinds of birds in a same time of a year, and their habitats are different from each other. The most common native birds are the crow, magpie, jay, kite, heron, crane, oriole, lark, sparrow, robin, tit, pheasant and quail while the migratory birds are black-naped oriole, common cuckoo, barn swallow, egrets, geese, swans, cranes, bustard, ducks, teals, and rails.

As a measure of conservation of Korea's natural environment some flora and fauna have been designated as Protected Natural Resources. There are now over 150 listed natural resources. Certain birds such as Tristram Woodpecker, Crested Ibis, Black Stork, Blackfaced Spoonbill and Great Bustard are registered and protected. A particular long horned beetle is protected. Jindo dog is protected as a pure breed on Jindo island off the southwest coast of Korea. Korea's birds deserve a wider audience. The country's geographical location, topography, temperate climate, and wealth of diverse habitats combine to support an extraordinary attractive avifauna. (Source : Korea guide by Edward B. Adams)

Some of the birds that has been recorded in the Korean peninsula are as follow. (Source : Koera through her birds by Robert Newlin)

English

Korean

 

English

Korean

Grey-headed woodpecker

청딱다구리

 

White’s thrush

호랑지빠귀

Eurasian kestrel

황조롱이

 

Eurasian sparrowhawk

새매

White throated rock thrush

꼬까직바구리

 

Chestnut bunting

꼬까참새

Varied tit

곤줄박이

 

Stejneger's stonechat

검은딱새

Long-tailed tit

오목눈이

 

Arctic warbler

쇠솔새

Alpine accentor

바위종다리

 

Chestnut-flanked white-eye

한국동박새

Chinese grosbeak

밀화부리

 

Bull-headed shrike

때까치

Daurian redstart

딱새

 

Grey heron

왜가리

Oriental scops owl

소쩍새

 

Brown hawk owl

솔부엉이

Yellow-breasted bunting

검은머리촉새

 

Eagle owl

수리부엉이

Long-tailed shrike

긴꼬리때까치

 

Rhinoceros auklet

흰수염바다오리

Eastern crowned warbler

산솔새

 

Brown shrike

조랑때까치

Common pheasant

 

Oriental reed warbler

개개비

Yellow wagtail

긴발톱할미새

 

Cattle egret

황로

Little tern

쇄제비갈매기

 

Hen harrier

재빛개구리매

Far-eastern oystercatcher

검은머리물떼새

 

Naumann’s thrush

노랑지빠귀

Eurasian bullfinch

멋쟁이새

 

Japanese white-eye

동박새

Common rosefinch

적원자

 

Eurasian nuthatch

동고비

Terek sandpiper

뒷부리도요

 

Spectacled guillemot

흰눈썹바다오리

Common sandpiper

깝작도요

 

Balck-winged stilt

장다리물떼새

Balckfaced spoonbill

저어새

 

Ancient murrelet

바다쇠오리

Dulin

민물도요

 

Taiga flycatcher

흰꼬리딱새

Red-breasted flycatcher

서양흰꼬리딱새

 

Sharp-tailed sandpiper

메추라기도요

Asian rosy finch

갈색양진이

 

Black-legged kittiwake

세가락갈매기

Eastern buzzard

말똥가리

 

Chinese sparrowhawk

붉은배새매

Marsh sandpiper

쇠청다리도요

 

Wood sandpiper

알락도요

Oriental pratincole

제비물떼새

 

Chinese pond heron

흰날개해오라기

Desert wheatear

검은꼬리사막딱새

 

Mugimaki flycatcher

노랑딱새

Blue rock thrush

바다직박구리

 

Common kingfisher

물총새

Mandarin duck

원앙

 

Gold crest

상모솔새

Siberian rubythroat

진홍가슴

 

Grey plover

개꿩

Hazel grouse

들꿩

 

Narcissues flycatcher

황금새

Red-breasted merganser

바다비오리

 

Hoopoe

후투디

Oriental strok

황새

 

Grey-faced buzzard

왕새매

White-naped crane

재두루미

 

Red-crowned crane

두루미

Streaked shearwater

슴새

 

Whooper swan

큰고니

White-fronted goose

쇠기러기

 

Siberian blue robin

쇠유리새

White-bellied green pigeon

청비둘기

 

Spotted dove

목점박이비둘기

Japanese robin

붉은가슴울새

 

Hawfinch

콩새

Japanese grosbeak

큰부리밀화부리

 

Japanese wagtail

검은등할미새

Black paradise flycatcher

삼광조

 

Siberian accentor

멧종다리

Black brant

흑기러기

 

Falcated duck

청머리오리

Common snipe

깍도요

 

Short-eared owl

쇠부엉이

Blue-and-white flycatcher

큰유리새

 

Green sandpiper

삑삑도요

Ruddy kingfisher

호반새

 

Curlew sandpiper

붉은갯도요

Eurasian spoonbill

노랑부리저어새

 

Ruddy crake

쇠뜸부기사

Bar-tailed godwit

큰뒷부리도요

 

Brambling

되새

Great knot

붉은어깨도요

 

Grey-capped woodpecker

아물쇠딱다구리

Plumbeous redstart

부채꼬리바위딱새

 

Asian stubtail

숲새

Oriental cuckoo

벙어리뻐꾸기

 

White-backed woodpecker

큰오색딱따구리

Pallas’s reed bunting

북방검은머리쑥새

 

Scaly-sided merganser

호사비오리



Freshwater fishes

English

Korean

 

English

Korean

Chum salmon

연어

 

Tachanovsky's gudgeon

새미

Manchurian trout

열목어

 

Round tailed paradise fish

버들붕어

Trout

산천어

 

False dace

참붕어

Short barbell gudgeon

몰개

 

Korean shiner

쉬리

Chinese minnow

버들치

 

Kumgang fat minnow

금강모치

Minnow

연준모치

 

Dark sleeper

얼룩동사리

Korean dark sleeper

동사리

 

Long nose barbell

참마자

Goby minnow

모래무지

 

Eriocheir sinensis

참게

Crayfish

가재

 

Slender shiner

가는돌고기

Japanese eel

뱀장어

 

Korean torrent catfish

통가리

Slender catfish

미유기

 

Sea rundace

황어

Amur goby

밀어

 

Floating goby

꾹저구

Trident goby

민물검정망둑

 

Striped shiner

돌고기

Muddy loach

미꾸리

 

Korean spine loach

참종개

Venus fish

왜몰개

 

Venus fish

눈불개

Mandarin fish

황쏘가리

 

Korean bullhead

동자개

Ussurian bullhead

대농갱이

 

Black bullhead

눈동자개

Crucian carp

붕어

 

Korean aucha perch

꺽지

Korean spined bitterling

가시납지리

 

Flat bitterling

납지리

Korean spotted barbell

어름치

 

Korean rose bitterling

각시붕어

Rice fish

대륙송사리

 

Oily bitterling

칼납자루

Korean striped bitterling

줄납자루

 

Rosy bitterling

흰줄납줄개

Soft shell turtle

자라

 

Far Eastern catfish

메기

Snakehead

가물치

 

Sky gagre

강준치

Korean chub

참갈겨니

 

Pale chub

피라미

Steed barbel

누치

 

Chinese sturgeon

철갑상어

Short nine spine stickleback

잔가시고기

 

Continental stone loach

대륙종개

Hangang bitterling

한강줄납개

 

Korean bitterling

묵납자루

Yellow fin sculpin

둑중개

 

Gobiobotia Breribarba Mori

돌상어

Gobiobotia Marcocephala Mori

꾸구리

 

Gobiototia Naktongenis Mori

흰수마자


Exotic species

 

 

 

 

Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)

불루길

 

Largemouth bass

큰입배스

Bass (Micropterus salmoides)

배스

 

Common carp

이스라엘잉어

Rainbow trout

무지게송어

 

Japanese (White) crucian carp

떡붕어

Albino trout

엘비노송어

 

 

 


Some of the rocks found on the Korean peninsula

English

Korean

 

English

Korean

Mica Schist

운모편암

 

Phyllist

천매암

Metapsammite

변성사질암

 

Banded Gneiss

호상편마암

Felsite

규장암

 

Quartz Porphyry

석영반암

Granite

화강암

 

Granodiorite

화강섬록암

Basalt

현무암

  Tuff

응회암

Rhyolite

유문암

 

Andesite

안산암

Diorite

섬록암

 

Trachyte

조면암

Agalite

활석

  Argillite

점판암

Feldspar

장석

 

Quartz

석영

Sandstone

사암

 

Halite

암염

Pyrite

황철석

  Galena

방연석

Limestone

석회암

 

Igneous Rock

화성암

Metamorphic Rock

변성암

 

Ferriferous rock

철광석

Mudstone

이암

  Crystalline gneiss

결정편마암

Quartzite

규암

 

Gabbro

반려암

Conglomerate

역암

 

Pumice

부석

Porphyry

반암

  Marble

대리석

Serpentinite

사문암